Belajar Bahasa Inggris di Twitter: The Passive

22 Feb

Hi guys,

These excerpts are taken from yesterday’s #EngClass about the ‘The Passive’. Let’s start!

ENGLISH

Hellooo twitter friends! How are you doing? Ready for our#EngClass?

Thanks to you who have requested ‘The Passive’ as our #EngClass topic.

We’re going to talk about the function & how to form the passive.

Let’s have a look at these sentences: 1) Andy wrote the letter. 2) The letter was written by Andy. 1) & 2) have the same meaning.

1) & 2) have same meaning, but different forms: 1) Andy wrote the letter. = ACTIVE. 2) The letter was written by Andy. = PASSIVE.

Have a look at the structure of the sentences: 1) ACTIVE: Andy (Subject/ S) wrote (Verb/ V) the letter (Object/ O). ..

2) PASSIVE: The letter (S) was written (V) by Andy (by phrase). In the passive, the object of the active becomes the subject.

Meanwhile the subject of an active sentence is the object of ‘by’ in the ‘by phrase’. ‘by Andy’ (example) is called ‘by phrase’.

If you’re confused with any of the explanations, do interrupt & ask questions.

Q: achmadigila simple past?

A: @achmadigila yes. We use simple past in the example to make it more logical. Simple past digunakan dlm contoh agar lbh masuk akal.

The sentence structure of the passive: S + be + past participle. e.g., The letter (S) was (be) written (past participle) by Andy.

Past participle is also known as ‘Verb 3′.

‘be’ can be in any of its forms. Simple present: am, is, are. Present continuous: am/is/are being. Present perfect: has/have been.

Simple past: was/ were. Past continuous: was/ were being. Past perfect: had been. Simple future: will be. ..

Be going to: am/ is/ are going to be. Future perfect: will have been. Other forms of tenses are rarely used in the passive.

Remember: only transitive verbs (verbs that are followed by an object) are used in the passive. You can’t use: happen, come, etc.

A common mistake: An accident was happened. It should be: An accident happened. Happen= intransitive, can’t be used in the passive.

Remember: the passive is used to focus on the object of the active sentence. “The letter was written by Andy.” Focus = the letter.

Other examples: 1) “The cat was bitten by the dog.” 2) “The package will be delivered tomorrow.” 3) “She has been given a gift.”

That’s all the explanation. Please ask about the topic/ add anything.

Did you miss today’s #EngClass? No worries. You can always read the summary in our blog: http://rumahbelajarbali.wordpress.com

BAHASA INDONESIA

Halooo twitter friends! Apa kabar? Sudah siap dgn#EngClass? :D

Terima kasih utk yg kmrn sdh usul topik ‘The Passive’. Siapa ya? :D

Kita akan membahas fungsi & bgmn membentuk kalimat pasif.

Mari kita lihat kedua kalimat ini: 1) Andy wrote the letter. 2) The letter was written by Andy. 1) & 2) mempunyai arti yg sama.

1) & 2) memiliki arti yg sama tp bentuk yg berbeda: 1) Andy wrote the letter. = AKTIF. 2) The letter was written by Andy. = PASIF.

Perhatikan struktur kedua kalimat: 1) AKTIF: Andy (Subject/ S -subyek) wrote (Verb/ V -kt kerja) the letter (Object/ O -obyek). ..

2) PASIF: The letter (S) was written (V) by Andy (by phrase). Dlm kalimat pasif, obyek dr kalimat aktif berubah menjadi subyek.

Smtr itu subyek dr kalimat aktif berubah menjadi obyek dr ‘by’ dlm ‘by phrase’. ‘by Andy’ (dlm contoh) disebut sbg ‘by phrase’.

Jika bingung, silahkan interupsi & bertanya.

Q: achmadigila simple past?

A: @achmadigila yes. We use simple past in the example to make it more logical. Simple past digunakan dlm contoh agar lbh masuk akal.

Struktur kalimat pasif: S + be + past participle. e.g., The letter (S) was (be) written (past participle) by Andy.

Past participle jg dikenal sbg ‘Verb 3′.

‘be’ terdiri dr byk bentuk, spt: Simple present: am, is, are. Present continuous: am/is/are being. Present perfect: has/have been.

Jg dlm tense lain, spt: Simple past: was/were. Past continuous: was/were being. Past perfect: had been. Simple future: will be. ..

Be going to: am/is/are going to be. Future perfect: will have been. Tense selain yg disebutkan jrg digunakan dlm kalimat pasif.

Ingat: hanya kt kerja transitif (kt kerja yg diikuti obyek) yg digunakan dlm kalimat pasif. Tdk bisa menggunakan: happen, come dll

Kesalahan umum: An accident was happened. Seharusnya: An accident happened. Happen= intransitif, tdk digunakan dlm kalimat pasif.

Ingat: kalimat pasif digunakan ketika kita fokus pd objek di kalimat aktif. “The letter was written by Andy.” Fokus = the letter.

Contoh lain: 1) “The cat was bitten by the dog.” 2) “The package will be delivered tomorrow.” 3) “She has been given a gift.” Arti contoh: 1) Kucing itu digigit anjing itu. 2) Paketnya akan dikirimkan besok. 3) Ia (perempuan) telah diberikan sebuah bakat.

Sekian penjelasan. Silahkan tanya ttg topik/ menambahkan.

Ketinggalan #EngClass hari ini? Jangan kuatir. Kamu bisa membaca rangkumannya kapan saja di blog kami:http://rumahbelajarbali.wordpress.com

That’s a wrap. Thanks to you who have participated in our#EngClass. See you in another lesson. Questions & requests are always welcome. :)

Follow us @EnglishTips4U. Search these tags: #EngClass (to study English grammar and other lessons); #EngVocab (to study English vocabulary);#EngTips (to get tips on learning English); #EngQAs (for Questions and Answers about English). Also #WOTD (Word of The Day) and #IOTD (Idiom of The Week).

See you in the next lesson! ;)

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One Response to “Belajar Bahasa Inggris di Twitter: The Passive”

Trackbacks/Pingbacks

  1. #TOEFL: grammar exercise | @EnglishTips4U - October 12, 2012

    [...] for the passive in this sentence: [S + modal (can) + be + V3]. Learn more about the passive: The Passive. 2. @alfiiiii_ (C) it should be “certain nutrients” Explanation from admin: 2) The [...]

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